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HASH : 6a1bdeebbb352cd75f2d77085656ca89
La langue: Anglais/Franc
Note moyenne : 4.10/45 (sur 43 notes)
Résumé :
the european union labour force survey (eu-lfs) provides the main aggregated statistics on labour market outcomes in the european union. the eu-lfs is the main data source for employment and unemployment. tables on population, employment, working hours, permanency of job, professional status etc. are included. it provides disaggregated statistics

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Critiques, Analyses et Avis (22)
sarahauger
the report gives an overview of the situation faced by women in the fisheries and aquaculture sector in europe and the prerequisites for improved gender mainstreaming. it presents and discusses the available data on female employment in the sector, the problems faced by women’s fisheries organisations and their future prospects. it also proposes that the impact of the eff on the promotion of gender equality should be evaluated, and outlines the expectations vested in the emff. as part of the research conducted for this study, flags received a questionnaire on the importance of gender in their strategies and the extent to which women are benefiting from axis 4.
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sarahauger
eu 2011 employment statistics show that numbers of women and men are almost evenly balanced, in terms of numbers of fish processing jobs. looking at different countries, however, the figures differ. estonia, latvia, lithuania and poland have more than 60% of women as fish processing employees, whereas malta and the uk have more than 60% of male employees. in europe, fish processing employs about 150,000 people. france, poland, spain and the united kingdom supported the largest workforces, with more than 10,000 each.
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sarahauger
this note gives an overview of the current situation faced by women in the fisheries and aquaculture sector in europe and the prerequisites for improved gender mainstreaming. it presents and discusses the available data on female employment in the sector, the problems faced by women’s fisheries organisations and their future prospects. the note also proposes that the impact of the eff on the promotion of gender equality should be evaluated, and outlines the expectations vested in the emff.
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sarahauger
this work summarises existing knowledge on women’s participation in marine fisheries globally, and estimates their contribution in the pacific region. while women’s role varies between geographic regions, in the pacific women account for 56% of annual small-scale catches, resulting in an economic impact of $363 million (total revenue: $110 million). recognising and quantifying the role of women in fisheries has profound implications for management, poverty alleviation and development policy.
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sarahauger
women play an important role in fisheries, including fishing, aquaculture and processing of aquatic products. they have been very active in self-organising and networking to promote gender equality in many different areas across europe. they are also a major actor in the diversification of fisheries enterprises income, resulting in the creation of new opportunities in areas affected by the decline of fishing. the report reviews best practices observed in the fishing areas of 14 eu countries. it also recommends actions for use of the european fisheries fund as an instrument to support and promote initiatives for women in european fisheries areas, particularly under axis 4 of the eff.
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sarahauger
french fishers’ wives play an important role within fisheries enterprises by undertaking different tasks such as administration, repairing fishing gear and selling fish. this informal contribution became legally recognised with the creation of collaborative spouse status (css) in 1998. katia frangoudes and enora keromnes discuss the diverse contributions of women to brittany fisheries and the reasons that push women to opt or not opt for legal status.
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sarahauger
this paper focuses on the gender dimensions of wellbeing in fishing households in northern ireland. the impact of change in the fishing industry on women’s wellbeing is outlined and linkages are made between changing access to fish and changing roles of women in fishing households. the paper explores what this change means for how women perceive and pursue their wellbeing needs and aspirations and how they negotiate their needs with the needs of the household. in particular, the paper highlights how such priorities link to the complex and dynamic role of women in fishing households.
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sarahauger
this paper analyses the process of transformation of on-foot shellfish gathering in galicia, an activity that has traditionally been developed mainly by women without formalisation. however, in recent decades this situation has changed. nowadays, many areas where this activity flourishes are in a situation of active co-governance with fishery organisations, with a type of formal licence system. shellfishery organisations plan and control the shellfish gathering with the support of the government, even using seeding techniques to regenerate areas that were previously degraded. over the last decade, they have avoided shellfish overexploitation and have managed the marketing of the shellfish much better than before. the article emphasises that the role of the government in this has been decisive, investing in training and capacity building. the empowerment of women has been an essential element, which has also enhanced the social valuation of the activity. this case may exemplify the possibilities open for progress in potential co-governing situations.
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sarahauger
women play a wide range of roles in the fisheries industry making significant contributions across sectors. however, there is a significant gap in knowledge about women in english fisheries today, as identified in the literature review conducted at the early stage of the study. this study aims to help close this knowledge gap and to inform policymaking with evidence-based information. this was collected and analysed by the women in fisheries (wif) team from greenwich maritime institute, the university of greenwich and iris consulting between january and april, 2010.
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sarahauger
this manual has been prepared to facilitate gender analysis and project planning in fisheries development projects. it’s intended to be a toolkit to help project managers and implementing counterparts (such as government and non-government field workers, and private- and public-sector development consultants, community organisers and leaders of local groups), to facilitate the integration of gender issues into the project cycle.
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sarahauger
gender issues have been mainstreamed by the regional fisheries livelihoods programme (rflp) and considered as crosscutting issues. the present assessment looked at how the interventions have changed the roles of beneficiaries in domestic, productive and community management roles. in addition, the assessment covered the degree of participation of women in the conducted activities. focus group discussions with selected beneficiaries, who represent the five national level outputs of rflp, were conducted in the areas of interventions in kupang district, kupang municipality, rote ndao and alor districts.
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sarahauger
consider consulting stakeholders (e.g. gender experts, civil society organisations) on the topic at hand, to share and validate your findings and to improve your policy or programme proposal. this will enhance the learning process on the subject for all those involved and will improve the quality of the work done at eu level. the stakeholders consultation process will start in this phase, but could also be considered as an important method to be applied along all the policy cycle’s phases.
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sarahauger
the spanish network of women in the fishing sector is a national organisation sponsored by the ministry of agriculture, food and environment. this network was established under the initiative of the secretariat general for fisheries (ministry of agriculture, food and the environment) and financed by the eff (axis 5). the network aims for the integration of women into all activities within the fisheries sector, to increase the visibility of women and to promote equal opportunities within the sector. it’s the only existing network supported by national and european public funding. it’s also unique because it is the only fisherwomen’s organisation established from the top down, whereas all others were based on bottom-up initiatives.
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sarahauger
this is an organisation that unites women from fishing communities around the north sea to find solutions to common problems and issues within fishing communities. the network deals with training, education, advice etc. it has a seat on the executive committee of the north sea and pelagic regional advisory councils (racs) where it acts as a socio-economic watchdog. the network heads up the socio-economic focus group of the nsrac.
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sarahauger
policy cycleback to policy cycledefineplanactcheckplanin this phase, it’s appropriate to analyse budgets from a gender perspective. gender budgeting is used to identify how budget allocations contribute to promoting gender equality. gender budgeting brings visibility to how much public money is spent for women and men respectively. thus, gender budgeting ensures that public funds are fairly distributed between women and men. it also contributes to accountability and transparency about how public funds are being spent.
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sarahauger
participation of women in the fishery sector is quite low. the figure may be derived from the percentage of women employed in fishery and aquaculture, based on eurostat data. according to recent data (2014), the number of women involved in fishery and aquaculture is 19,800 (12.9% of the total workforce), while for men it’s 134,100 (87.1%). data are available on the eurostat labour force database (eurostat, lfs, table ‘employment by sex, age groups and economic activity (from 2008, nace rev. 2 two digit level).
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sarahauger
policy cycleback to policy cycledefineplanactcheckactin the implementation phase of a policy or programme, ensure that all who are involved are sufficiently aware about the relevant gender objectives and plans. if not, set up briefings and capacity-building initiatives according to staff needs. think about researchers, proposal evaluators, monitoring and evaluation experts, scientific officers, programme committee members, etc.
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sarahauger
training proved the best tool to assist in organising or professionalising women (creating a profession or skills to manage family enterprise). french fisherwomen, after the experience of different types of training related to enterprise management, decided to seek training that provided them with a specific nationally recognised diploma. the national federation of fisherwomen asked the french authorities to add a maritime course to the existing certificate of collaborative spouse (brevet de conjoint collaborateur d’entreprise artisanale – bccea). the introduction of modules focusing on fisheries and aquaculture in the curriculum serves to provide fisherwomen with access to an official state diploma that enables them to seek employment in other economic sectors. the case made by the women was successful in 2007 with the issue of a ministerial decree and the creation of the diploma called the certificate of collaborative spouse for maritime fisheries enterprises, which is equivalent to the high-school diploma. women who opt for collaborative spouse status (css) can follow the course under certain conditions.
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sarahauger
practical examples of gender mainstreaming in maritme affairs and fisheries france in france a fisheries law was debated in parliament in 1995. spouses of fishers initiated the issue of formal recognition of women’s contribution to the family fishing enterprise. in their view, the legalisation of the collaborative spouse status (css) would give women an opportunity to represent their family enterprise and community on representative bodies. it would also give them access to social security and other social benefits – in the agriculture sector spouses were already entitled to such a status. fisherwomen’s associations lobbied politicians at the national level and obtained the css with the fisheries law of 1997. this decision gave women the opportunity to join fishers’ organisations and access training schemes, the right to maternity leave, and to build pension rights. spain at the beginning of the 1990s, 90% of shellfish gatherers in galicia were women. they were working informally (illegally) and without any recognition, social benefits or access to professional fishers’ organisations. with the support of the galician fisheries authorities, women who gathered shellfish on foot succeeded in regulating their activity through a licensing system, providing each permit-holder with a quota. professional training programmes were organised by the regional authorities to improve women’s knowledge and skills through eu structural funds. women understood that it’s important to become professional fishers and have access to a social security system. they also built their own local organisations and became members of fishers’ organisations. currently some of these women are leading fishers’ organisations. following the example of women shellfish gatherers, another group of women undertook the same process for professionalisation: women net makers in galicia. the work of these women was very poorly paid, with no access to opportunities that would help them improve their professional skills; as a result, many of them gave up the work. once more, with the support of regional fisheries authorities, meetings were organised, bringing these women together at the regional level to discuss their working conditions and their ambitions for the future. following this process a regional organisation of women net makers was established with the intention of gaining professional recognition and improving working conditions. through government-sponsored training programmes, net makers aimed to improve their skills and explore new business opportunities. timelinethe key milestones in eu fisheries policy are presented below.
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sarahauger
current policy priorities in the fisheries sector at eu level at fisheries level the most important priority is the implementation of the new common fisheries policy (cfp) and the financial aid  – european maritime and fisheries fund (emff) – related to this policy. the new cfp has been effective since january 2014. the european commission is supervising the preparation of the national strategic plans and the operational programmes related to the fund. the emff, as all the other development funds, have been operational since the beginning of 2015. the cfp’s four main policy areas are: management of fish stocks: the aim is to ensure high long-term fishing yields for all stocks by 2015 where possible, and at the latest by 2020. this is referred to as the maximum sustainable yield. another increasingly important aim is to reduce unwanted catches and wasteful practices to the minimum or avoid them altogether. the management will be more focused on regionalisation and stakeholder consultation. fisheries management can take the form of input control, output control or a combination of both (european commission, dg mare, 2014b). alignment with international policy: european fishing boats currently catch more than 25% of the fish outside eu waters. around 8% of these catches (2004 – 2006) are made under fishing agreements with countries outside the eu, while another 20% are taken on the high seas, mainly in regions under the care of regional fisheries management organisations. alignment with the law of the sea and international fisheries law and good governance in the global fisheries sector includes close cooperation with the organisation for economic co-operation and development (oecd) and the united nations system, including the food and agriculture organisation (fao) (european commission, dg mare, 2014c). market and trade: sustainability and self-regulation by the stakeholders in the sectors are important elements of the new market and trade policy in fisheries. the funding of the policy: the emff has a budget of around €5.749 billion for the period 2014 – 2020. it will support the rebuilding of fish stocks and the progressive elimination of wasteful discarding. priorities for the new fund are improving fisheries data collection – allowing decisions to be based on robust evidence – and reducing the impact of fisheries on the marine environment. it will also focus on fisheries control programmes to ensure that the rules on responsible and sustainable fishing are complied with. the emff will also focus on the integrated maritime policy by investing in identifying and addressing barriers that hinder growth in coastal communities and emerging maritime sectors (european commission, dg mare, 2014e). want to know more?
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sarahauger
interpol global fisheries enforcement was first established as project scale in 2013 and is dedicated to enabling interpol member countries identify, deter and disrupt transnational crimes associated with or related to the fisheries sector. the global fisheries enforcement team works to ensure that the proceeds of commercial fishing are not the result of criminal, illicit or unlawful transnational business models and networks, especially where global cooperation between developed and developing countries can be facilitated.
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sarahauger
nselect issuenblast fishingblue economycape town agreementcontrol and surveillanceflag state responsibilityhuman traffickingimpacts of illegal fishingmaritime securitymcsmonitoringpolicy and reformsport state measuressecuring convictionsshark finningsustainabilitytrade regulationsvessel arrests and detentionsvessel identitynselect initiativesnafrican voicefish-i africafishcrimeimplementing port state measuressif investigative unitstop illegal fishingwest africa task forcenselect countrynbarbadosbeninbotswanacomoroscôte d'ivoireghanaindonesiakenyaliberiamadagascarmaldivesmauritaniamauritiusmozambiquenamibianigeriano countrynorwaysenegalseychellessierra leonesomaliasouth africaspaintanzaniathailandtogotrafficunited states of america
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